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This qualitative research aimed to study the adaptation and negotiation of communities for the right to “the use of land” through the government’s natural resource management under the Climate Change Impact Mitigation Project. The researcher used the concept of the power of obstruction to explain the mechanism of the government’s administration and control of natural resource management in particular land and community lifestyle. The research investigated three case studies in Chiang Mai namely case of forest reclamation at Ban Lao Wu, Mae Chaem Model Project, and REDD Plus Project at Ban Mueang Ang. The research was conducted between June 2017 - May 2018 through data compilation using the participant observation technique and in-depth interviews with villagers, community leaders, local administrative organizations, government agencies, and private development organizations. The research findings presented that the government operated these projects by using the discourse of global warming to establish the legitimacy of natural resource management, forest reclamation policy at Ban Lao Wu, Wiang Haeng district, and Mae Chaem Model Project at Ban Mae Khimuk. As a result, the communities returned their livelihood land to the government which led to the change in land use. The villagers shifted corn cultivations to fruit trees and integrated farming. As for REDD Plus Project at Ban Mueang Ang, it did not cause the change of the villagers’ lifestyle as the villagers were earlier developed by royal-initiated projects with sustainable land use. However, the community was not aware of benefit-sharing from the REDD Plus Project.
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