A Study of Factors Influencing Decisions to Pursue STEM Majors in Higher Education among Thailand’s Representative Students in the Mathematics and Science Olympiads 2003–2016 from Office of the Basic Education Commission
The purpose of this research was to study the factors influencing decisions to pursue a science, technology, engineering or mathematics (STEM) major in higher education among students chosen by the Office of the Basic Education Commission to represent Thailand in the Mathematics and Science Olympiads from 2003–2016. The research target consisted of 184 students. Research methodology was descriptive analysis that collected data from both quantitative and qualitative approaches. The data were analyzed by Enter Multiple Regression statistic.
The result of the study revealed that the factor that had the maximum effect on positively influencing Thailand’s former Math and Science Olympiad competitors’ decisions to pursue STEM majors in college was the personal interest variable, followed by the high school experience variable. The factors that negatively influenced their decisions to pursue a STEM major in college were their beliefs in their self-efficacy and their attitudes toward science. The variables that did not influence the students’ decisions to pursue a STEM major in college were parents, teachers and peers.
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