Goat Raising in Farming Systems and Livelihoods of Muslim Communities, Southern Thailand Case Study in Tha-pae Sub-district, Tha-pae District, Satun Province

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สมยศ ทุ่งหว้า ปัทมา หมาดทิ้ง ปองพชร ธาราสุข

Abstract

This study aims to use these research results to guide the development of goat production in line with the geo-ecological and socio-economic characteristics of the area. The objectives were to study agricultural structure at the farm level, to classify farm typologies and economic results of farming systems in which goats are raised and to study the roles of goat raising in livelihoods of the population of Tha-pae Sub-district, Tha-pae District, Satun Province. The data was collected from a sample of     245 agricultural households living in various agro-ecological zones in the area, using in-depth interview of 12 farming households who raise goats but practice different agricultural production activities. The study showed that most of the goat raisers are agricultural smallholders. Animals and plants are grown together on the farms. Goat raising, along with others agricultural activities, can be classified into six types based on structure of agricultural production and economic results from farming. The goats are raised as a part time activity and are mainly used in religious and non-religious ceremonies.  Small farmers mainly raise goat as a sources of saving and goats are sold when financial needed.  However, it is likely that some types of farm can raise goats commercially, if they manage to fit the context of the farms, specifically dealing with forage management.

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Research article